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  • Reset or Remove BIOS Password For Acer, Dell, HP, Toshiba, Asus and Apple Laptop

    Method 1 – Remove Battery

    For desktop user, open up your computer casing and look for the battery. Remove the battery for approximately 5 minutes (maybe longer, depending on the motherboard) and slot it back. By removing the battery and deprive the motherboard’s flash memory of power supply, you are essentially resetting the settings back to default when the existing data in BIOS are cleared.

    This method works well for desktop, however this is not practical for laptop user unless the warranty expired long time ago. This method might or not not work, it depends on the type of motherboard.

    Method 2 – Reset CMOS With Software

    PC CMOS Cleaner is the best CMOS password reset software, it works setting the BIOS to the default state or revealing the password.

    PC CMOS Cleaner is an easy-to-use tool to recover, delete, decode and display the superior passwords stored in BIOS whatever the brand is. Most types of BIOS are supported. It’s an bootable CD that runs on x86 and x86_64 computers. No need to pay expensive fees to experts. It’s a useful tool for users to get their lost BIOS password back, or clean passwords from an old computer bought from others.

    • Support all x86, x86_64 Personal Computers.
    • Support most BIOS, such as: AWARD, AMI, Compaq, Phoenix, Samsung, IBM, Compaq, DTK, Thinkpad, Sony, Toshiba and so on.
    • Display the superior passwords of the BIOS .
    • Remove BIOS password(will set the BIOS to default status, need reset date).
    • Set the BIOS to default state
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  • How to make a flash disk bootable using Rufus

    1. First download the rufus program from the link below
    2. Insert 4gb or + flash drive on our computer
    3. There is no need to install it, just right click it and select ran as administrator then select yes or no for update search.
    4. Now select your device volume label.
    5. After that click the drive image to select the windows .iso file. Or insert Windows setup cd and select drive letter
    6. You don’t need to make any changes; if it’s a windows .iso it will automatically select the NTFS file system.
    7. Click start, a message will appear saying that all of you usb data will be deleted and the usb formatted.
    8. If you have any files on your usb now it is the last time you can backup them.
    9. Click ok

    Download Rufus

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  • Computer POST and beep codes

     

    The computer POST (power-on self-test) checks a computer's internal hardware for compatibility and connection before starting the remainder of the boot process. If the computer passes the POST, the computer may give a single beep (some computers may beep twice) as it starts and continue to boot. However, if the computer fails the POST, the computer will either not beep or generate a beep code that tells the user the source of the problem.

    Dell beep codesBeep Code         Description

    1 beep  ----BIOS ROM corruption or failure

    2 beeps     ----           Memory (RAM) not detected

    3 beeps     ---           Motherboard failure

    4 beeps      --          Memory (RAM) failure

    5 beeps       ---         CMOS Battery failure

    6 beeps ----               Video card failure

    7 beeps      --          Bad processor (CPU)

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  • How to fix a computer that won’t boot

    Here are some common errors in Windows

    • no bootable device – insert boot disk and press any key
    • NTLDR is missing or corrupted
    • Ntoskrnl.exe is missing
    • Ntdetect.com is missing
    • BOOTMGR is missing or corrupted
    • NTFS.SYS is missing
    • Hal.dll is missing

    How to fix a computer that won’t boot – Instructions


    STEP 1 : Turn your computer on, booting from either your Windows 7 Installation DVD or Windows 7 System Recovery Disc. Remember, you may need to change the boot order inside your BIOS to have the your DVD drive boot first.

    STEP 2: After the installation or recovery disc loads, if prompted, select your language settings and then continue. If you are using the installation DVD, when prompted by the following screen select Repair your computer.


    STEP 3: The computer will take a moment now to scan itself for any Windows installations, after which you will likely be given a choice to select which installation you wish to repair. Select the appropriate Windows installation from the list and then continue. If by chance a problem is detected in one of your Windows installations at this initial stage, the system may also ask you if it can try to repair the problem automatically. It is up to you if you wish to let the system try to repair itself, but otherwise just select No.

    STEP 4: Once you have reached the System Recovery Options screen, as shown below, you will be faced with a list of choices that can aid you in repairing a damaged Windows 7 operating system. If you wish to try the Startup Repair option first, it is often successful in automatically fixing many different start up issues, but in this article we will be using the Command Prompt option to resolve our problems manually. So, click Command Prompt to continue.


    STEP5: Now sitting at the command prompt, enter the following command and then press enter:bootrec.exe /FixMbr
    If successful, you should be greeted with the message The operation completed successfully. That’s it! Your Master Boot Record has been repaired.

    While the above command does fix the MBR, and sometimes that is enough, there still might be an error with the system partition’s boot sector and Boot Configuration Data (BCD). This might occur if you have tried to install another operating system alongside Windows 7, such as Windows XP. To write a new boot sector, try the following command:
    bootrec.exe /FixBoot

    If you are still faced with your Windows 7 installation not being detected during start up, or if you wish to include more than one operating system choice to your system’s boot list, you can try the following command to rebuild your BCD:
    bootrec.exe /RebuildBcd

    If things are okay after trying all the above steps, you better install  the operating system again!

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  • Top 10 computer mistakes beginners make

    Top 10 computer mistakes beginners make

    Below we've listed the top 10 mistakes we find beginner computer users making and how you can avoid falling into the same mistakes.

    1.  Not backing up important files

    One of the biggest mistakes anyone can make is not backing up important information. Today, there are so many different methods of backing up your information that there is no longer any excuse for not backing up your information. Make sure to backup all important information before it is too late.

    2.  Clicking Next or Ok without reading

    Everyone has become more impatient thanks to the instant gratification we all enjoy every day on the Internet. However, because of this impatience it is not uncommon for new users to click Ok or Next without reading what they are agreeing to and not making sure there are no check boxes still checked. Make sure you read every prompt before agreeing, or you may be agreeing to install new browser toolbars, a program you didn't intend to install, or other crapware.

    3.  Not saving work

    While working on a document either offline or online make sure that the program is automatically saving your work. If a program does not automatically save your work, you need to make sure you are saving your work every 10-15 minutes. If the computer loses power, Internet connection, or the program crashes everything is lost that hasn't been saved.

    4.  Turning off the computer improperly

    With more users learning on Smartphones and Tablets before learning the computer, not all new users are familiar with the proper method to shut down (turn off) a computer. When you are done with a computer and want to turn it off make sure to save any work, close open programs, and shut down the computer properly.

    5.  Opening e-mail attachments

    A common method of getting infected with a computer virus or malware is from opening e-mail attachments. Be extremely cautious and doubtful on all e-mail attachments you receive including any e-mail attachments you receive from friends, family, and co-workers. One of the most common tactics malicious users use to send viruses is from people you know to gain a false sense of trust.

     

     

    6.  Falling for phishing, spam, or chain mail

    Phishing

    As computers become more secure, and users get more tech savvy, many malicious individuals have moved to attacking people using phishing tactics. Make sure you are aware of how phishing works and how you can make sure you do not become a victim of identity theft.

    Spam

    Almost all spam today is distributed by infected computers or malicious users. Replying to these spam messages will not unsubscribe you from any list and usually is never looked at or received. In some cases, a spammer may even use your reply as a verification that an e-mail works and send you more spam or share your e-mail address with other spammers. If you get spam, just delete it from your inbox.

    Chain mail

    You should also never forward your friends and family chain mail. If you find an e-mail hard to believe, make sure it is true before you forward the myth or rumor to anyone else.

    7.  Downloading and installing bad software

    Today, the most common ways a computer gets infected with viruses, malware, and other crapware is from downloading and installing bad software on the computer. Always be cautious of free software and who is providing you with the free software. To subsidize costs many developers include other bundled programs or toolbars, and if you are not careful, you may install them during the install. As mentioned earlier, always be sure to read what the program is doing during the install.

    Unfortunately, reading is also not always enough and sites offering free things like cursorsfontswallpaperemotions, and other small downloads may be bundled with other bad software. When downloading anything, keep the below suggestions in mind.

    Where are you getting the download?

    There are malicious people who download valid copies of a popular download, modify the file with malicious software, and then upload the file with the same name. Make sure you are downloading from the developer's web page or a reputable company.

    Don't install download manager

    Many sites suggest or require you to install an installer or a download manager before allowing you to download a program you may be interested in downloading. These tools almost always cause your computer more problems and may even have malware or other spyware. Avoid any site claiming anything must be installed first before you can continue with your download.

    8.  Not keeping operating system and software up-to-date

    The evolution of computers and the software that computer's use is always evolving. After a program is released bugs and security threats are almost always discovered by other users. Installing the latest updates for a program makes sure everything runs smooth and if security fixes are found fix those problems, so your data is kept secure.

    9.  Keep a computer on a surge protector or UPS

    If you plug your desktop computer, laptop, tablet, or smartphone into a wall outletconsider using a surge protector instead. A surge protector can help keep your computer protected during an electrical storm and make sure that nothing is damaged if a surge travels over your power lines.

    10.          Buying incompatible hardware or peripherals

    Computers are becoming more diversified with Chrome books, hybrid computers, laptops, smartphones, and tablets. Although all of these devices are considered computers, not all hardware is compatible with every type of computer. Also, this is true with Apple computers vs. a PC, and computers running Windows or Linux, which are all running different operating systems.

     

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