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  • Top 10 computer mistakes beginners make

    Top 10 computer mistakes beginners make

    Below we've listed the top 10 mistakes we find beginner computer users making and how you can avoid falling into the same mistakes.

    1.  Not backing up important files

    One of the biggest mistakes anyone can make is not backing up important information. Today, there are so many different methods of backing up your information that there is no longer any excuse for not backing up your information. Make sure to backup all important information before it is too late.

    2.  Clicking Next or Ok without reading

    Everyone has become more impatient thanks to the instant gratification we all enjoy every day on the Internet. However, because of this impatience it is not uncommon for new users to click Ok or Next without reading what they are agreeing to and not making sure there are no check boxes still checked. Make sure you read every prompt before agreeing, or you may be agreeing to install new browser toolbars, a program you didn't intend to install, or other crapware.

    3.  Not saving work

    While working on a document either offline or online make sure that the program is automatically saving your work. If a program does not automatically save your work, you need to make sure you are saving your work every 10-15 minutes. If the computer loses power, Internet connection, or the program crashes everything is lost that hasn't been saved.

    4.  Turning off the computer improperly

    With more users learning on Smartphones and Tablets before learning the computer, not all new users are familiar with the proper method to shut down (turn off) a computer. When you are done with a computer and want to turn it off make sure to save any work, close open programs, and shut down the computer properly.

    5.  Opening e-mail attachments

    A common method of getting infected with a computer virus or malware is from opening e-mail attachments. Be extremely cautious and doubtful on all e-mail attachments you receive including any e-mail attachments you receive from friends, family, and co-workers. One of the most common tactics malicious users use to send viruses is from people you know to gain a false sense of trust.



    6.  Falling for phishing, spam, or chain mail


    As computers become more secure, and users get more tech savvy, many malicious individuals have moved to attacking people using phishing tactics. Make sure you are aware of how phishing works and how you can make sure you do not become a victim of identity theft.


    Almost all spam today is distributed by infected computers or malicious users. Replying to these spam messages will not unsubscribe you from any list and usually is never looked at or received. In some cases, a spammer may even use your reply as a verification that an e-mail works and send you more spam or share your e-mail address with other spammers. If you get spam, just delete it from your inbox.

    Chain mail

    You should also never forward your friends and family chain mail. If you find an e-mail hard to believe, make sure it is true before you forward the myth or rumor to anyone else.

    7.  Downloading and installing bad software

    Today, the most common ways a computer gets infected with viruses, malware, and other crapware is from downloading and installing bad software on the computer. Always be cautious of free software and who is providing you with the free software. To subsidize costs many developers include other bundled programs or toolbars, and if you are not careful, you may install them during the install. As mentioned earlier, always be sure to read what the program is doing during the install.

    Unfortunately, reading is also not always enough and sites offering free things like cursorsfontswallpaperemotions, and other small downloads may be bundled with other bad software. When downloading anything, keep the below suggestions in mind.

    Where are you getting the download?

    There are malicious people who download valid copies of a popular download, modify the file with malicious software, and then upload the file with the same name. Make sure you are downloading from the developer's web page or a reputable company.

    Don't install download manager

    Many sites suggest or require you to install an installer or a download manager before allowing you to download a program you may be interested in downloading. These tools almost always cause your computer more problems and may even have malware or other spyware. Avoid any site claiming anything must be installed first before you can continue with your download.

    8.  Not keeping operating system and software up-to-date

    The evolution of computers and the software that computer's use is always evolving. After a program is released bugs and security threats are almost always discovered by other users. Installing the latest updates for a program makes sure everything runs smooth and if security fixes are found fix those problems, so your data is kept secure.

    9.  Keep a computer on a surge protector or UPS

    If you plug your desktop computer, laptop, tablet, or smartphone into a wall outletconsider using a surge protector instead. A surge protector can help keep your computer protected during an electrical storm and make sure that nothing is damaged if a surge travels over your power lines.

    10.          Buying incompatible hardware or peripherals

    Computers are becoming more diversified with Chrome books, hybrid computers, laptops, smartphones, and tablets. Although all of these devices are considered computers, not all hardware is compatible with every type of computer. Also, this is true with Apple computers vs. a PC, and computers running Windows or Linux, which are all running different operating systems.


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  • Know your Internet browser shortcuts

    Know your Internet browser shortcuts

    There are dozens of different shortcut keys that can be used with Internet browsers. Below are a few of our top suggested Internet browser shortcuts.

    When entering an Internet address you do not need to type http:// or even www. in the address. Ctrl+ enter= http://www.gitech101.com

    • Press Alt + D or Ctrl + L to move the cursor into the address bar.
    • Hold down the Ctrl key and press the + or - to increase and decrease the size of text. Ctrl + 0 will reset the text.
    • Press the backspace key or press Alt key + left arrow to go back a page.
    • Press F5 or Ctrl + R to refresh or reload a web page.
    • Press F11 to make the Internet browser screen full screen. Press F11 again to return to the normal view.
    • Press Ctrl + B to open your Internet bookmarks.
    • Press Ctrl + F to open the find box to search for text within the web page you are reading.
    • Ctrl+Tab – Switch to the next tab – in other words, the tab on the right. (Ctrl+Page Up also works, but not in Internet Explorer.)
    • Ctrl+Shift+Tab – Switch to the previous tab – in other words, the tab on the left.
    •  (Ctrl+Page Down also works, but not in Internet Explorer.)
    • Ctrl+W, Ctrl+F4 – Close the current tab.
    • Ctrl+Shift+T – Reopen the last closed tab.
    • Ctrl+T – Open a new tab.
    • Ctrl+N – Open a new browser window.
    • Alt+F4 – Close the current window. (Works in all applications.)

    Address Bar

    Ctrl+L, Alt+D, F6 – Focus the address bar so you can begin typing.

    Ctrl+Enter – Prefix www. and append .com to the text in the address bar, and then load the website. For example, type gitech101 into the address bar and press Ctrl+Enter to open www.gitech101.com.

    Alt+Enter – Open the location in the address bar in a new tab.

    Ctrl+K, Ctrl+E – Focus the browser’s built-in search box or focus the address bar if the browser doesn’t have a dedicated search box. (Ctrl+K doesn’t work in IE, Ctrl+E does.)

    Alt+Enter – Perform a search from the search box in a new tab.

    Ctrl+F, F3 – Open the in-page search box to search on the current page.

    Ctrl+G, F3 – Find the next match of the searched text on the page.

    Ctrl+Shift+G, Shift+F3 – Find the previous match of the searched text on the page.

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  • How do I create a computer....

    How do I create  Computer...?

    Note: This page does not provide information on how to create a computer virus. Gitech101 does not condone the creation of or use of computer viruses, and therefore we will not provide training on how to create a virus. This page is intended to discuss reasons for not creating viruses and alternate options that you could pursue.

    If you are interested in creating a computer virus, trojan, worm, malware, or other malicious program as revenge, payback, or as a prank, we suggest you rethink. Creating a virus that deletes files or causes other issues resolves nothing and will result in prosecution by the law. In other words, you could be fined or sent to prison.

    Instead of creating computer viruses or other malware, consider learning a computer programming language. You will learn a lot more by learning one or more programming languages and become more qualified in getting hired at a company that designs programs or analyzes viruses. No one ever got hired because they wrote a computer virus.

     What programming languages should I learn?

    Programming languages such as C, C++, C#, Java, Perl, PHP, and Python are all good programming languages for new computer programmers. See the link below if you are not exactly sure what language to start learning first.


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  • What are the F1 through F12 keys?


    • Almost always used as the help key, almost every program opens a help screen when this key is pressed.
    • Enter CMOS Setup.
    • Windows Key + F1 would open the Microsoft Windows help and support center.
    • Open the Task Pane.


    • In Windows renames a highlighted icon, file, or folder in all versions of Windows.
    • Alt + Ctrl + F2 opens document window in Microsoft Word.
    • Ctrl + F2 displays the print preview window in Microsoft Word.
    • Quickly rename a selected file or folder.
    • Enter CMOS Setup.


    • Often opens a search feature for many programs including Microsoft Windows when at the Windows Desktop.
    • In MS-DOS or Windows command line F3 will repeat the last command.
    • Shift + F3 will change the text in Microsoft Word from upper to lower case or a capital letter at the beginning of every word.
    • Windows Key + F3 opens the Advanced find window in Microsoft Outlook.
    • Open Mission Control on an Apple computer running Mac OS X.


    • Open find window in Windows 95 to XP.
    • Open the address bar in Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer.
    • Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+).
    • Alt + F4 closes the program window currently active in Microsoft Windows.
    • Ctrl + F4 closes the open window within the current active window in Microsoft Windows.


    • In all modern Internet browsers, pressing F5 will refresh or reload the page or document window.
    • Refresh the list of contents in a folder.
    • Open the find, replace, and go to window in Microsoft Word.
    • Starts a slideshow in PowerPoint.


    • Move the cursor to the address bar in Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and most other Internet browsers.
    • Ctrl + Shift + F6 opens to another open Microsoft Word document.
    • Reduce laptop speaker volume (on some laptops).


    • Commonly used to spell check and grammar check a document in Microsoft programs such as Microsoft Word, Outlook, etc.
    • Shift + F7 runs a Thesaurus check on the word highlighted.
    • Turns on Caret browsing in Mozilla Firefox.
    • Increase laptop speaker volume (on some laptops).


    • Function key used to enter the Windows startup menu, commonly used to access Windows Safe Mode.
    • Used by some computers to access the Windows recovery system, but may require a Windows installation CD.
    • Displays a thumbnail image for all workspaces in Mac OS.


    • Refresh document in Microsoft Word.
    • Send and receive e-mail in Microsoft Outlook.
    • Opens the Measurements toolbar in Quark 5.0.
    • Reduce laptop screen brightness (on some laptops).
    • With Mac OS 10.3 or later, displays a thumbnail for each window in a single workspace.
    • Using the Fn key and F9 at the same time opens Mission Control on an Apple computer running Mac OS X.


    • In Microsoft Windows activates the menu bar of an open application.
    • Shift + F10 is the same as right-clicking on a highlighted icon, file, or Internet link.
    • Access the hidden recovery partition on Compaq, HP, and Sony computers.
    • Enter CMOS Setup on some computers.
    • Increase laptop screen brightness (on some laptops)
    • With Mac OS 10.3 or later, shows all open Windows for the active program.


    • Enter and exit fullscreen mode in all modern Internet browsers.
    • Ctrl + F11 as computer is starting to access the hidden recovery partition on many Dell computers.
    • Access the hidden recovery partition on eMachines, Gateway, and Lenovo computers.
    • With Mac OS 10.4 or later, hides all open windows and shows the Desktop.


    • Open the Save as window in Microsoft Word.
    • Ctrl + F12 opens a document In Word.
    • Shift + F12 saves the Microsoft Word document (like Ctrl + S).
    • Ctrl + Shift + F12 prints a document in Microsoft Word.
    • Preview a page in Microsoft Expression Web.
    • Open Firebug or browser debug tool.
    • With an Apple running Mac OS 10.4 or later, F12 shows or hides the Dashboard.
    • Access the list of bootable devices on a computer at startup, allowing you to select a different device to boot from (hard drive, CD or DVD drive, floppy drive, USB drive, and network).

    F13 - F15

    F16 - F19

    • On newer Apple keyboards the F16, F17, F18, and F19 keys are above the number pad.


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  • Repair corrupted Pen Drive or SD card using CMD

    This process involves Windows command prompt which is commonly known as CMD. In this, you have to enter some CMD commands and Windows will forcefully format your corrupted pen drive/SD card.

    1. Connect the corrupted pen drive or SD card to your computer.
    2. Hover your mouse on the Start button and Right Click.
    3. Click Command Prompt (Admin). A CMD window will open.
    4. Type diskpart and press Enter.
    5. Type list disk and press Enter. A list of all the storage devices connected to your computer will be displayed.
    6. Type select disk <the number of your disk> and press Enter. (Example: select disk 1). Important: Make sure you enter the number correctly. Otherwise, you may format your internal hard drive. You can type list disk again to check whether you are going correctly. There will be a star (asterisk symbol) before the name of the selected disk.
    7. Type clean and press Enter.
    8. Type create partition primary and hit Enter.
    9. Type active.
    10. Type select partition 1.
    11. Type format fs=fat32 and press Enter. The format process will finish in a few minutes. You can write ntfs instead of fat32 if you want to carry files larger than 4 gigabytes. Don’t close the CMD
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